Moving through the Bosnia and Herzegovina you will find a lot of interesting historical buildings and places. Daorson is for sure the most mysterious and unknown place in whole country. The remains of this once strongest town in the wider area are located in Ošanići, near Stolac in Herzegovina. It consisted of three parts, the central of which was a fortress – acropolis protected by ”Cyclopean” walls made of huge stone blocks (similar to the Mycenaean ones in Greece). It included all important administrative, public and religious buildings. The defense wall stretching from southwest to northeast was 65 m long, 4.2 m wide and between 4.5 and 7.5 m high, and it had gates and towers at both ends.

Daorson Wall
Daorson wall

The Daorsi took over the Greek language and alphabet and they had continuous trading relations with the Greek. Numerous remains of wine amphoras and pieces of fine pottery were found, but the most valuable finding was a Bronze helmet ornamented with the images of several Greek personalities: Aphrodite, Nike, Helios, Dionysus, Muses, Pegasus, and others, and the name on it is similar to the name on the helmet found in Macedonia. The remains of a granite sculpture Cadma and Harmony were also found, just as an Illyrian relief with thirteen snakes and five pairs of eagle wings.

A coin workshop with the relevant tools and matrices, and 39 different coins (29 with the image of King Ballaios from 168 BC, and 9 with the Greek name ΔΑΟΡΣΩΝ and the image of a ship) were found in a smaller building. The money meant independence of the tribe Daorsi and confirmation of a well-developed craftsmanship, culture and trade with other peoples.
The entry to the archeological site is at the belvedere, which may be reached by car via a narrow mountainous road from Stolac or by foot following an old path from Radimlja.

Daorson Entrance
Daorson entrance

From here to massive (cyclopean, megalith) walls and the southern gate of the oldest town in Bosnia and Herzegovina, there is a flat, but unpaved road with a length of approximately 600 meters, and the belvedere is a pleasant place for a break for those who do not wish to visit the town due to fear of poisonous snakes.

Very little is known about Illyrians, their original identity and the manner of their participation in the Mediterranean life in the second century BC (maybe the original migration flow was completely the opposite!). We do not even know how they ”called” themselves, because there are no authentic written data. The only written sources about them stem from the Greek and Romans. In the 4th century BC, the Greek named their northwest neighbors in the Western Balkans, a newly discovered tribe near Lake Skadar in Albania, Illyrians (Illyrioi) or Serpent People (due to their cult of the serpent). The Romans expanded the name Illyrians during the period 2nd-1st century BC to include all other ethnically different communities of ”Illyrians” (Daorsi, Dalmatians, Liburnians, Istrians, Iapodes, Pannonians and many others) in the Roman province Illyrica. The smaller part of Illyrica, mainly the northern part, was also populated by Celts.

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